Jacques CousteauJacques Cousteau was an oceanographer and conservationist that lived during the 20th century and contributed to much of what we know about the world's oceans. He was one of the first champions of the world's oceans. His explorations ranged from the blue hole off Belize to the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River. With his lifelong work, Cousteau succeeded in further educating the world's population about the oceans.
"the impossible missions are the only ones that succeed"

Primary Interests

Cousteau's interests were the ocean and everything to do with it. He was fascinated by the plants animals, and science of the underwater world and was determined to protect it. Jacques Cousteau was also a leader in his time in underwater filmmaking and photography, and is perhaps most well known for his many television shows, starting in 1966 with "The World of Jacques-Yves Cousteau" and continuing with "The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau, which ran for years. Cousteau served as the director of the Oceanographic Museum and Aquarium in Monaco for more than 30 years. Jacques Cousteau will be eternally known as the greatest oceanographer and marine biologist of the twentieth century.jacques_cousteau.jpg
Notable Quotations

  • "Mankind has probably done more damage to the Earth in the 20th century than in all of previous human history"
  • "From birth, man carries the weight of gravity on his shoulders. He is bolted to earth. But man has only to sink beneath the surface and he is free"
  • "If we go on the way we have, the fault is our greed and if we are not willing to change, we will disappear from the face of the globe, to be replaced by the insect"
  • "No aquarium, no tank in a marine land, however spacious it may be, can begin to duplicate the conditions of the sea"
  • "The sea, the great unifier, is man's only hope. Now, as never before, the old phrase has a literal meaning: we are all in the same boat"
  • "The sea, once it casts its spell, holds one in its net of wonder forever"
Research Ship Calypso
Interesting Facts about Cousteau
  • Born on June 11, 1910 in the town of Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, France
  • Attended the French Naval Academy in Brest
  • Joined the French navy as a gunnery officer and served for 27 years
  • Invented the aqualung with engineer Emile Gagnan in 1943, which allowed humans to breathe for longer periods underwater
  • The aqualung is still used today in scuba diving equipment
  • Jacques traveled the world in his research ship Calypso, which was a converted minesweeper
  • Campaigned against the 1960 French plan to dump nuclear waste into the Mediterranean Sea and succeeded
  • Established the Cousteau foudation in 1973 for the purpose of conserving the oceans
  • The foundation now has more than 300,000 members across the world
  • Wrote several books about the oceans including the The Living Ocean, Dolphins, and Jacques Cousteau: The Underwater World
  • Won the Presidential Freedom Award in 1985 from Ronald Reagan
  • Was awarded membership in the French Academy in 1989
  • Won three Oscars for his work in filmmaking
  • Died June 25, 1997
Impacts on Society
Jacques Cousteau contributed much to the world today. Much of what we know about human limits underwater and the plethora of organisms that live beneath the sea was contributed by Cousteau. His legacy is the stewardship of the oceans.Chronology
1910: Cousteau's Birth
1943: Cousteau invents the aqualung
1966: Cousteau begins television career
1985: Wins the Presidential Medal of Freedom
1989: Becomes a member of the French Academy
1997: Cousteau's Death
Additional Links

Cousteau Foundationwww.cousteau.orgWorks Cited
Calypso image. November 14, 2011.

"Cousteau Foundation" Cousteau Foundation. 2011. November 14, 2011. http://www.cousteau.org/

"Jacques Cousteau" NNDB. 2011. November 14, 2011. http://www.nndb.com/people/250/000085992/

"Jacques Cousteau" Spectrum Biographies. 2011. November 14, 2011. http://www.incwell.com/Biographies/Cousteau.html

"Jacques Cousteau Quotes" Brainy Quote. 2011. November 14, 2011.

Jacques Cousteau red hat image. November 2, 2011http://beginningofahero.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/06/Oceanographer-Jacques-Cousteau-is-showcased-as-a-Child-HERO-by-Jim-Lord-of-www.TheCharacterNetwork.com-20.jpg

Jacques Cousteau scuba diving image. November 14, 2011 http://www.archaeology.ws/jacques_cousteau.jpg