Alfred Binet

One of the most important figures in the history of modern science is a man by the name of Alfred Binet. Binet is most famously known for creating one of the most familiar systems to physically rate an individual's intelligence ever created. He revolutionized the study of psychology and persuaded the world the importance and significance of human intelligence.

I.Q. Scale
I.Q. Scale

Alfred Binet was born on July 11, 1857 in Nice, France. He was pushed heavily by his parents to become a law student which he reluctantly gave in to by his fifteenth birthday. He received his license to practice law in 1879. However, Binet never followed out his family's wishes. Instead, he followed his family's field of medication where an interest in psychology became more apparent internally to him. It is then when he would come across the most influential individual of his life. Jean Charcot mentored Binet as members of a psycological clinic where Binet would learn the basis of psychology for the first time. Binet also befriended a fellow employee of the clinic by the name of Charles Fere. These two men studied together every chance they were given the oppertunity to do so. The two men came up with a what they thought was a revolutionary concept regarding perceptual and emotional polarization among humans which was chasized by critics uncontrollably until officially proven wrong. This failure took a huge toll on the two men and ever changed the public's interpretation of them.

Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet

Binet was driven to resign from his mentor's clinic and took a temporary hiatus from work in order to persue a more significant part of his children's upbringing. During this time a major law was passed in the French Government completely altering the structure of education in France. Due to the lack of education Binet had recieved as a child, him along with many other citizens were classified into a specific social group known as " The Commission for the Retarded". This in turn led to a whole dynamic change in stereotypical theories in France. This outraged Binet and refused to stop working until he could prove that he was not retarded and he could give an accurate description of what being retarded truly was. This led to deep research and after eight years, a new system of rating a man's intelligence was created which was named the Binet- Simon scale after Binet and his research assistant, Theodore Simon. This test specified the curtain amount of mathematical and spatial reasoning, logical ability, and language understanding a curtain human possessed.This scale was revised and revised again several times past Binet's death in 1911 through the remainder of the Twentieth Century. The name of this scale of intelligence was then changed to the all-familiar name of the "I.Q." test after it's final revision. The developement of the I.Q.Test forever changed how we preseve a man to be intelligent.
Binet accomplished his goal by proving that he was indeed, not retarted but instead incredibly bright regardless of the lack of education he recieved as a child.

Quotes: "If I am not for myself, who will be for me? If I am not for others, what am I? And if not now, when?"

"The scale, properly speaking, does not permit the measure of the intelligence, because intellectual qualities are not superposable, and therefore cannot be measured as linear surfaces are measured."

Works Cited

Hothersall, David. (1995). History of Psychology. McGraw-Hill, Inc.
Pollack, Robert H. and Margaret W. Brenner. (1969). The Experimental Psychology of Alfred Binet: Selected Papers. New York, Springer Publishing Company, Inc.
Terman, Lewis M. and Maud A. Merrill. (1960). Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Boston, Massachusetts, Houghton Mifflin Company.

Alfred Binet, 11/13/11,

I.Q. Score Range, 11/13/11,