Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was a German physicist born on March 4th, 1879. When he lived in Germany, he worked as a professor at the Berlin Academy of Science. He was in the United States during 1933 when Adolf Hitler came to power. He decided to stay in America, and during the beginning of World War 2 he informed our current president Franklin Delano Roosevelt that Germany could be developing an atomic weapon. For the rest of his time in the US, he worked with the Institute of Advanced Study in New Jersey. During his life, he made achievements such as creating the theory of general relativity, receiving the 1921 Nobel Prize for discovering the photoelectric effect, publishing more than 300 scientific papers, and creating a model of a wormhole.


Theory of Special Relativity


In 1905, Einstein published his theory of special relativity. It stated that there is no absolute state of rest, and all motion is relative. The theory of special relativity also shows that E=mc2, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light in a vacuume.



Theory of General Relativity


This is one of Einstein's Field Equations
This is one of Einstein's Field Equations

A few years after publishing the Theory of Special Relativity, Einstein wanted to figure out how to involve gravity in his new theory. He created a new set of equations that are known as the Einstein Field Equations. These equations are very difficult to solve, and the first man to do so was an astrophysicist named Karl Schwarzschild. His solution showed the beginning of what happens when a gravitational field collapses, otherwise known as the creation of a black hole.
A Black Hole
A Black Hole